Enterprise Dr. ing. h. c. F. Porsche GmbH, initially engaged in the creation of components and assemblies for automotive companies, was founded in 1931. In those years, the founder Ferdinand Porsche has not yet thought about the mass production of your own car. But success does it for others. Before the Second World War, he worked on many third-party orders, creating, for example, a legend, as KdF-Wagen (or, more simply, “Beetle” – the legendary little car, lёgshy based company Volkswagen). By the very successful development of Porsche is the so-called Type 22 – a racing car designed and commissioned by Auto Union AG. All the developments of the time and lay in the future, based on legendary cars Porsche.
In those same years, commissioned by the Nazi government was established racing car Type 64 (also known as the Volkswagen Aerocoupe), especially for the race Berlin – Rome, held in 1939. There were created three Type 64, of which only one survived – the first was killed early in the war, and the second “arrival” American soldiers, drunk with victory and looking for fun. Survivor same instance even have time to participate in the post-war racing, with success. He is now in a private collection, so that the company museum in Stuttgart is a recreated copy of the body. When you create a Type 64 designer has used the same solution as in “Beetle” – the appearance and the recognizable. All this gives grounds to assume that the Type 64 was the first prototype for future Porsche.
During the Second World genius designer attracted to the creation of military equipment. He participated in the development of tanks “Tiger”, “Panther” and other types of military equipment. One of the most successful self-propelled guns (ACS) at the time – “Ferdinand”, designed by none other than Ferdinand Porsche, it is believed that after him in whose honor it was named. Issued there were not so many, but our soldiers were called “Ferdinand” any German self-propelled guns, with the result that many had the impression that this “self-propelled” was one of the most popular.
After the war, the Porsche was accused of conspiring with the Nazis and sent to prison, where he spent 22 months. Freed, the designer was actually irrelevant. In factories Volkswagen, where he turned in the first place, has worked other specialists and his services are not needed. And it’s not really wanted to hire a man branded label of “unreliable” and “collaborated with the Nazis.” It is not known what would have ended, if not the son of an engineer – Ferdinand Porsche Jr. (in the family circle just Ferry). It was he who took the revival of the company, building a completely it on the foundation laid by his father.
In 1948, appears the model 356, many elements of which were borrowed from previous developments, especially in Type 64 and “Bug”. Many components of the Porsche 356 was the production of Volkswagen, especially for the economy and simplify production. Extremely successful design has to win the respect of many fans of active driving.
In 1950, the company moved again. In German Stuttgart, where he remains to this day. More Porsche 356 made for quite a long time until 1965. During this time, many modifications were presented. Many of the models still drive on the roads. Generally, cars Porsche does not accidentally recognized as the most reliable – it is believed that more than 75% of the entire issued over the years the fleet is still on the run.
And in 1951, Ferdinand Porsche dies. Death was caused by a heart attack. It is believed that his reason was the years spent in prison inventor. He lived to be 75 years old.
One of the most important events in the history of Porsche was in 1963 – at the Frankfurt Motor Show was presented to Porsche 911. The design of the car, which was destined to become legendary, has developed the eldest son of Ferry Porsche – Ferdinand Alexander Porsche. Preserve the history of that model was originally supposed to be called 901, but acted against the French Peugeot, which owned the rights to the name of three digits with zero in the middle. New designed in such a way as to have an updated design, but does not deviate too much from conventional canons company. The result is a recognizable forms, which have been used successfully to this day.
Interestingly, the creators had hoped hold 911 model on the market at least 15 years. But since the advent of the model has been more than 50 years, and she still enjoys exceptional popularity. Moreover, according to the magazine Forbes, Porsche 911 – this is one of the cars that were able to change the world. Subsequently, the company created a lot more successful and very successful models, but none of them has yet been able to repeat the success of 911. But in general, it should be noted that during the years of its existence, the company introduced a lot of very interesting models for a detailed description of which requires a separate book.
The beginning of the 21st century was marked by the start of work in new directions. The company became involved in the production of not only classic sports cars, the principle of which was laid back in 1948, after the appearance of the model 356, but also completely new solutions. Such as sports crossover Porsche Cayenne and five-door sports car Porsche Panamera.
Beginning in 2012, the Porsche brand is wholly owned by the German automaker Volkswagen, whose appearance was once also made possible thanks to the genius of Ferdinand Porsche. The cost of the transaction amounted to slightly less than 4.5 billion euros. It is interesting that initially it would have devoured Porsche Volkswagen. But to do so failed, the company simply did not calculate the forces, causing affected its financial position.